June 9, 2008

Variaciones de un mismo tema: Antonio Muñoz Molina tercia en controversia entre Ruiz Zafón y Goytisolo sobre la finalidad de la escritura y la lectura

Por: Manuel Clavell Carrasquillo en utopía

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Escribe Manuel Clavell Carrasquillo

Este domingo Babelia publica la columna de Muñoz Molina sobre la controversia que ocurre en España entre los escritores Juan Goytisolo y Carlos Ruiz Zafón hace varias semanas paralela a la de este blog en cuanto a las opiniones sobre la escritura y la lectura de Félix de Azúa y Mayra Santos Febres.

Usando la herramienta teórica de Umberto Eco de plantear el debate entre los intelectuales apocalípticos y los integrados, en un libro del mismo nombre, Muñoz Molina tercia planteando los argumentos más débiles de cada extremo y concluyendo hacia la incertidumbre.

Asumiendo el papel del apocalíptico, Goytisolo anuncia que detesta la literatura popular banal y que el verdadero artista es el revolucionario que resiste a las supuestas tentaciones del mercado produciendo una obra pesada, de difícil proceso gástrico, de cuidados pormenores estéticos apolíneos o dionisiacos, en fin; ácida como el líquido de batería, que corte el moho del falso sentimiento de bienestar general y estremezca a los lectores con los horrores locales o mundiales.

Ruiz Zafón, por el contrario, se pone la máscara integrada al despotricar contra los mundillos literarios y propone que el verdadero artista es el que está en contacto con la masa y presenta una obra sencillamente clara y directa -a la usanza del cine y la televisión-, que entretenga, en la que los personajes se distinguen por sus palabras y sus acciones mas no por las peroratas lacrimógenas o sermoneras del creador vengador de silencios.

Muñoz Molina acusa el narcisimo de ambas posiciones extremas y concluye que “cada uno haga su trabajo, pues, según pedía Camus, como sepa o como pueda, porque más allá de la página y del gusto o el desaliento de escribir no hay nada seguro, ni la calidad de lo que hacemos, ni la resonancia que tendrá”.

El problema con dicha posición o tercera vía muñozmolinesca-camuseana “que se joda” es que promueve cierto fin del debate. Habría que analizar si en efecto eso es lo que se desea. A mí me parece seductora dicha tercera vía en la medida en que dispararía la cuestión de la escritura y la lectura hacia otras dimensiones, tal y como ocurre a chispazos en las discusiones a las que he asistido en la Fundación Hernández Colón y en algunos comments de este blog. La mayoría de las veces parecemos estar en los fríos polos, pero también existen ecuadores cálidos.

“Que no haya nada seguro”, según la teoría muñozmolinesca-camuseana puede apuntar hacia la mutación de los dos ranchos -el apocalíptico y el integrado- (oh, iluso!) para entrar en una pradera donde la conversación fluya en cuanto a sacarle punta por escrito al material cultural, sea cual sea: el concepto de la moda en la lucha libre gringa o las meditaciones de Cioran sobre la estupidez humana. (No hay que olvidar que Cioran, a pesar de todo lo duro y despiadado, fue un gran ciclista).

2 Responses to ' Variaciones de un mismo tema: Antonio Muñoz Molina tercia en controversia entre Ruiz Zafón y Goytisolo sobre la finalidad de la escritura y la lectura '

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  1. DP. said,
    on June 15th, 2008 at 6:11 am

    Estoy de acuerdo con una cosa sobre esa postura intermedia; creo que sin esa escritura facil, de acercamiento a las masas las editoriales no podrían hacer la otra literatura, la complicada, la sabrosa, la que no nos deja dormir y nos cambia. Claro, es como aprovecharse de las masas para disfrutar egoistamente de lo sabroso que es leer algo como el Extranjero de Camus que usa un lexico suave, simple pero que en el fondo nos da una patada en el vientre.
    Un saludo.

  2. Marta said,
    on June 16th, 2008 at 8:03 am

    A estas alturas con esas dialécticas.
    Escribir es como digerir, asimilar y eliminar lo que devoras. Si lees chatarra escribirás un basurero reciclable de chatarra, y aún así no venderás porque en Puerto Rico los libros no venden. Si comes de todo un poco, te saldrá una burundanga inclasificable. !Ay, Marta! Si eres capaz de tragar a escritores maravillosos como Woolf o Juanca Quiñones, no habrá cura para tu mal.

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